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 Chinese foreign minister begins Southeast Asian tour in Cambodia, sign FTA

12.10.2020 (www.business-standard.com) - China and Cambodia signed a free trade agreement on Monday as China's foreign minister visited Phnom Penh as part of a four-nation Southeast Asian tour.

China's foreign ministry announced that Foreign Minister Wang Yi will make official visits this week to Cambodia, Malaysia, Laos and Thailand, along with a transit visit to Singapore.

Cambodia is Beijing's most loyal ally in the region, and its economic growth has depended on aid and investment from China. The two nations also have an ideological affinity, stressing tight control by their ruling parties over concerns about human rights.

Wang's tour comes as China and the United States are contending for influence in Southeast Asia. Historically, the U.S. has been the more popular partner, but Beijing has made great inroads as China's growing wealth and confidence allow it to woo allies with no human rights strings attached.

In Cambodia's case, this has won Beijing a supportive Cambodian voice in international and regional forums.

There is also strong suspicion, mainly from Washington, that Cambodia has granted China the right to use a strategic naval base in its territory on the Gulf of Thailand. Cambodian and Chinese officials deny there is any such deal.

The signing of the Cambodia-China free trade agreement was witnessed by Wang and Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen, who held a meeting earlier.

Details of the agreement were not released, but Commerce Ministry spokesperson Seang Thay said China would give tariff-free status covering about 98% of its imports from Cambodia, while up to 90 per cent of China's exports to Cambodia would be exempt from tariffs.

The Cambodian exports that are covered are mostly agricultural.

China is Cambodia's main market for rice, mangoes and bananas.


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