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News 26071 to News 26080 of about 27042 news within page 2608
26071. 23/12/2002
   
CAPITALISING on the largely untapped tech-savvy agriculture industry,MSC-status iTech Worldwide Sdn Bhd is pushing its newly-launched eFlexPlantware, a plantation management business solution, to the local marketand Indonesia, before venturing into other countries like Vietnam.
26072. 23/12/2002
   
JOHOR BARU, Dec 21: The latest smear campaign against palm oil productsby non-governmental organisations in the west is being orchestrated bycompetitors of palm oil industries.Revealing this today, Malaysian Palm Oil Board director-general Datuk DrYusof Basiron said the smear campaign, which linked the palm oil industrywith the alleged destruction of orang utan's habitat in Sarawak, was thelatest tactic employed by those such as members of the soya bean oilindustry.
26073. 23/12/2002
   
KUALA LUMPUR, Dec 19 (Bernama) -- The Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB) hasentered into a joint venture with the Beijing Forest Bureau to make atrial usage of a biomass product, Ecomat, in Beijing desert to preventsandstorms.According to Primary Industries Minister, Datuk Seri Dr Lim Keng Yaik, theecomat fibre-mat is obtained from empty fruit bunches of the oil palm.
26074. 18/12/2002
   
Chemical Business NewsBase 11/30/2002 - The Indian edible oil industry,which produces oil from groundnut, rapeseed, sesame seed, castor seed,sunflower, etc will witness major reforms in the near future. Indiautilizes nearly 28.4 M hectares of land for the production of a number ofcommercial varieties of oil seeds. The Technology Mission on Oil Seeds setup by the Government of India in 1996 adopted certain strategies toincrease oil seeds and oil production, which increased oil seed productionto about 23.7 M tonnes in 1997-1998 to cater to Rup 400 bn oil seedsmarket. Although India accounts only for 9.3% of world's oil production,today it is the largest producer of castor seed and the third largestproducer of rapeseed and cottonseed.The industry expects the high import duty of 40% on oil seeds to bereduced to 5%. With 15,000 crushing units and 400 crude edible oilrefining units, of which 60-70% are small, the installed capacity of oilmills is about 36 M tonnes/y, thereby making India as the fourth largestedible oil economy. In spite of considerable installed capacity, thecapacity utilisation is only 40% (solvent extraction units operating at33% and vegetable oil refineries operating at 40% capacity).Production of edible oil in India has increased to 7 M tonnes in1997-1998. Refined oil accounts for nearly 2 M tonnes out of the total oilconsumption of 9 M tonnes. Edible oil consumption is increasing at about5-6%. India imports 43% of edible oil and during 1997-1998 imports haveincreased to 2.1 M tonnes. With the introduction of differential dutystructure in Dec 1999, duty on refined oil was fixed at 27.5% (25% plus10% surcharge) and that on crude oil was 16.5% (15% plus 10% surcharge).The Rup 11.65 bn refined edible oil trader and manufacturer Adani Wilmarbased in Ahmedabad is the largest edible oil refinery in India with arefining capacity of 800 tonnes/day. The refinery produces 100 tonnes/dayof vanaspati at Mundra Port involving an expenditure of Rup 1 bn. Therefinery, which refines all kinds edible oils imports crude oil forrefining from local (Gujarat, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh) andinternational (Indonesia, Malaysia, Brazil, Argentina, Canada, and the US)markets.
26075. 17/12/2002
   
(Canberra Times) 12/01/2002 - THE head of Australia's peak motoring grouphas called on the heavy vehicle industry to adopt the use of biodiesel inplace of petrol-based fuels.NRMA motoring and services chief executive Rob Carter said industries suchas trucking and bus transport had a responsibility to help reducegreenhouse gas emissions by switching from standard diesel to biodieselwith no ill effects on machinery.Biodiesel is a plant extract produced from crops like canola. It can besubstituted for standard petrol-based diesel without modifications todiesel engines.'Wider use of biodiesel would reduce Australia's dependence on crude oilas a fuel source and would provide an alternative crop for Australianfarmers,' Mr Carter said.'The whole process from paddock to tailpipe can be greenhouse neutral,which means it does not contribute to global warming.' Mr Carter saidtests had shown no adverse impact from using biodiesel and severalAustralian and overseas transport companies had already proved the fuelcould be an effective substitute.However, Australian Trucking Association deputy chief executive MichaelApps said cost remained the biggest deterrent to using alternative fuelslike biodiesel.'Our industry is willing to use any fuel, but it has to be cost-effectiveand available,' Mr Apps said.He said modern sulphur-reduced clean diesel, due to be introducednationally on January 1, was as environmentally friendly as canola-basedfuel and would be sufficient until the introduction of hydrogen-basedfuel-cell technology.By Scott Hannaford
26076. 17/12/2002
   
(Waste Treatment Technology News) Nov 2002 - A Staffordshire University(School of Engineering and Advanced Technology, Beacon Building,Staffordshire University, Beaconside, Stafford, Staffordshire, ST18 0AD,U.K.; Tel: +44 (0) 1785 353335) researcher has developed a method forconverting used cooking oil into biodiesel, a cleaner-burning alternativeto fossil-based diesel.The process devised by Tarik Al-Shemmeri, a Staffordshire Reader inEnvironmental Engineering, employs discarded vegetable oil as the base fora sustainable fuel. Unlike conventional diesel, the oil does not releasesulfur dioxide, a contributor to acid rain and one of world's worstpollutants, when burned. When combusted in a conventional diesel engine,biodiesel also reduces unburned hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide andparticulate matter. Compared to petroleum diesel, up to 78.5% of carbondioxide emissions can be eliminated. The biofuel can be used in existingengines with little impact on operating performance.In addition, Al-Shemmeri's biodiesel offers an environmentally friendlyuse for the large volumes of castoff cooking oil continuously produced byrestaurants and hotels worldwide. If not properly disposed off, the usedoil can pollute agricultural land and waterways.Biodiesel is derived from vegetable oil through an esterification process,which uses alcohol and slow heating to convert the oils into biodiesel(alkyl esters), glycerine and traces of water. Each ester chain usuallycontains 18 carbon atoms and retains two oxygen atoms, which gives thefuel unique combustion properties.The Staffordshire researcher has conducted a series of successfulexperiments using the biodiesel in a 10-kW diesel engine mounted on alaboratory test bed. Al-Shemmeri believes one of the best applications forthe biodiesel is fueling small power generators that would create heat andelectricity for small and rural communities around the world. He says,"This fuel would be ideal for use in conventional diesel-poweredgenerators which typically supply electricity to villages in parts ofAfrica or Asia. By collecting unwanted cooking oil, villagers can access areliable and cheap fuel."Al-Shemmeri presented his research findings, "Biodiesel Fuel for CombinedHeat and Power Generation," to the 37th International Universities PowerEngineering Conference held in Staffordshire in early September. Energyexperts representing 36 countries from five continents attended thethree-day conference, which covered topics including power generation andrenewable energy sources.
26077. 17/12/2002
   
12/11/2002 (Business Daily Update) - China's soybean imports may rise by athird in the year ending September 2003 as crushing capacity expands,putting pressure on the government to resolve confusion over newgenetically modified crop rules, analysts said. China will import about 14million metric tons of soybeans in the current marketing year, saidRichard Loewy, general manager of Doane Agricultural Services, anagriculture market consultant. China's soybean imports will rise afterthey fell 28 percent in the first 10 months of 2002, Loewy said.This year, imports fell mostly because of confusion about new rules ongenetically modified crops that were implemented on March 20."With crushing capacity up, the importance of the gene-modified rulesissue is going to diminish, and China's going to import beans when itneeds beans," said Loewy.Many State-owned companies are building new crushing plants, which turnsoybeans into soybean oil for cooking and soybean meal for animal feed, inan effort to boost the industry's efficiency to compete with imports ofthese products. China's total crushing capacity will rise 6.7 percent yearon year in 2003 to 160,000 tons a day as companies in the provinces ofGuangdong, Sichuan and Liaoning build plants, said Cao Zhi, an analystwith the China National Grain & Oils Information Center, an arm of thegovernment's State Grain Bureau. That follows a capacity increase of atleast 9 percent this year because of new plants in Northeast China's Jilinand Heilongjiang provinces that started operations in October. The newcrushers include a 3,000 ton-a-day plant owned by Jilin Grain Group Import& Export Co, one of the government's top two grain trading arms. Twoplants in Heilongjiang, owned by the government's Nongken State Farmnetwork, each have capacity of 1,200 tons a day.
26078. 17/12/2002
   
JAKARTA, Dec 4 (Asia Pulse) - The Chinese government has reportedlyapproved Jakarta's plan to build reservoir tanks for crude palm oil (CPO)to facilitate the export of the commodity from Indonesia.The Agriculture Ministry's director general for the supervision of theprocessing and marketing of agricultural products, Iskandar Andi Nuhung,disclosed that China's need for CPO is expected to increase to 2.4 milliontons this year, up by one-third of the 1.8 million tons in 2001."The building of the reservoir tanks will cut the distribution time, thushelping step up Indonesia's CPO exports to China," he said.Nuhung pointed out that Indonesia's CPO exports to China is expected to goup from 400,000 tons in 2001 to 750,000 tons this year.He said the building of the CPO reservoir tanks will be undertaken byprivate enterprises, while the Indonesian government will facilitate it byacting as intermediary with its Chinese counterpart.Nuhung told journalists that the export value of Indonesian agriculturalproducts for the year is expected to reach US$1.4 billion to US$1.5billion from CPO, US$750 million to US$1 billion from rubber, and US$600million to US$800 million from cocoa.On the occasion, the director general also announced that the governmentwill impose control over the import of 17 commodities of food crops,plantation, animal husbandry and horticulture.The 17 commodities include rice, corn, soy bean, sugar, palm oil, rubber,cocoa, coffee, shallots, poultry and hide."In addition to imposing control over the import of these products, therewill also be efforts to promote exports and domestic marketing," he said.
26079. 17/12/2002
   
(Waste Treatment Technology News) Nov 2002 - Solutions Industrial &Environmental Services, Inc. (Bob Borden, 3722 Benson Dr., Raleigh, NC27609; Tel: 919/873-1060, Fax: 919/873-1074) and Terra Systems, Inc. (1035Philadelphia Pike, Suite E, Wilmington, DE 19809; Tel: 302/798-9553) havedeveloped a simple, cost-effective method for enhancing the in-situbiodegradation of chlorinated solvents. In the Edible Oil Substrate (EOS)process, food-grade oils are emulsified and injected into contaminatedaquifers to stimulate reductive dechlorination.Chlorinated solvent contamination is a common and expensive cleanupproblem existing at industrial sites, military bases and dry cleaners.Standard "pump and treat" processes can control plume migration, but areexpensive to operate long-term. Newer remediation techniques such assurfactant and solvent flushing can remove solvents from highlycontaminated source areas, but have high capital costs and are notsuitable for light contamination or at sites where the pollution source isill defined.Researchers have long known that naturally occurring bacteria cananaerobically biodegrade chlorinated solvents to non-toxic end productsthrough reductive dechlorination. In the EOS process, which received U.S.Patent 6,398,960 in July, a site-appropriate edible oil is selected anddistributed throughout the contaminated zone, providing good contactbetween the oil and the chlorinated solvent. The oil slowly dissolves overseveral years providing a carbon and energy source to accelerate theanaerobic biodegradation of contaminants. All materials used in theprocess are food-grade substances, which eases regulatory approval for in-situ application. The oil may be added to the treatment zone throughconventional wells or using direct push technology to reduce costs.In reductive dechlorination, naturally occurring bacteria gain energy forcell metabolism and growth by removing chlorine atoms from chlorinatedpollutants and replacing them with hydrogen. Chlorinated solvents amenableto reductive dechlorination include tetrachloroethene (PCE),trichloroethene (TCE), cis-1,2- dichloroethene (cis-DCE), vinyl chloride(VC), 1,1,1- trichloroethane, 1,1,2-trichloroethane, 1,2-dichloroethane,carbon tetrachloride and chloroform.A variety of organic substrates including acetate, butyrate, glucose,lactate, methanol and molasses can be used to provide hydrogen forreductive dechlorination. But such substances are rapidly degraded andmust be continuously replenished or biodegradation will cease. Equipment,materials and labor required for continuous injection greatly increasecapital and O&M costs. Properly applied, common vegetable oil can providea long-lasting and less expensive carbon source for reductivedechlorination.In laboratory tests, company researchers constructed microcosms usingaquifer material from a chlorinated solvent contaminated site that wasamended with 500 mg/L of soybean oil. TCE and DCE were completelyeliminated from all microcosm bottles within 50 days. Produced vinylchloride was fully transformed to ethene after about 90 days. Aftersitting idle for one year, the microcosms were repeatedly respiked withPCE, but no more soybean oil was added. Immediately after the fifthrespike with 20 mg/L PCE, the PCE concentration dropped to about 2.2 mg/Las it sorbed to the vegetable oil. The dissolved and sorbed PCE thenrapidly transformed to TCE, then DCE, then VC and eventually to ethene.All of the chlorinated compounds were degraded to below detection limitsin each microcosm within 50 days of respiking. More than 3 years after thelast soybean oil addition, the chlorinated solvents still continue tobiodegrade.The companies have also completed pilot and full-scale applications of EOStechnology at military and commercial sites in New York, Delaware, NorthCarolina, Virginia, Oklahoma and California. After a recent application inOklahoma, TCE and cis- DCE declined in wells used to install the EOSbarrier immediately after injection. In a monitor well located immediatelydown gradient of the barrier, TCE declined more slowly with a temporaryaccumulation of VC. Within four months of EOS injection, however, TCE haddeclined by more than 90% and VC was degraded to below detection.The developers expect life cycle costs for EOS barriers to be much lowerthan competing technologies such as pump and treat or zero valent ironpermeable reactive barriers (PRBs). In a comparative analysis that modeledcosts over a 30-year period for a 600-ft- wide by 80-ft-deep chlorinatedsolvent plume, installation of an EOS barrier was much less expensive thanpump and treat or an iron PRB. Costs include engineering design,permitting, installation, materials, operation and maintenance, andmonitoring for 30 years. The EOS barrier cost assumes reinjection of oilevery five years and monitoring expenses similar to an iron PRB. Monitorednatural attenuation (MNA) proved less expensive than all other remediationapproaches, including construction of an EOS barrier, but, in many cases,regulators will not approve corrective action plans based on MNA alone.Laboratory studies are underway to evaluate the use of EOS for treatmentof a wide variety of other pollutants including nitrate, perchlorate,chromium, radionuclides such as uranium and technetium and acid minedrainage.
26080. 17/12/2002
   
11/28/2002 (India Business Insight ) - The Solvent Extractors Associationof India (SEA) has urged the Government of India to reduce import duty onoilseeds from the present 30 percent to 15 percent and to relax thestringent phyto- sanitary norms for clearance.SEA has also opposed any duty difference between different segments suchas vanaspati and refinery for crude palm oil in the edible oils sector.SEA, in its pre-Budget memorandum to the Government, has made severalsuggestions that include creation of an Oilseeds and Oil Development Fundto facilitate increase in oilseed yield and grant of soft loans fortechnology upgradation. The total oilseed production is expected to beabout 1.75-1.8 million tonnes in 2002-2003, due to prevailing droughtconditions. Excessive imports of edible oils, decrease in export ofoilmeal and oilseeds have affected the oilseeds production in India.
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ECONOMICS & INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT DIVISION
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