01.12.2021 (www.agriculture.com) - * Palm's discount to soyoil drops to $20/T
* Refiners slash palm imports for Nov-Jan shipments
* Refiners replace palm oil with soyoil, sunflower oil
* Palm oil could regain market share from Feb onwards
By Rajendra Jadhav
MUMBAI, Dec 1 (Reuters) - Indian refiners have been reducing palm oil purchases and raising soybean oil and sunflower oil imports after a steep rally in the tropical oil reduced its discount to rivals, industry officials told Reuters.
Lower purchases by the world's top edible oil importer could weigh on palm prices, which have corrected 10% from a record high hit last month, but may support U.S. soyoil futures .
"Refiners usually give preference to palm oil as it trades at a substantial discount to soyoil and sunflower oil. As there is hardly any price difference now, they are switching to soyoil and sunflower oil," said Govindbhai Patel, managing director of trading firm G.G. Patel & Nikhil Research Company. Traditionally, palm oil accounts for two-thirds of India's annual edible oil imports of 13 to 15 million tonnes.But Indian refiners are now slashing palm purchases after importing a record 1.26 million tonnes of palm oil in September, as the spread between palm and soy oil has narrowed to $20 per tonne from more than $120 a year ago, dealers said.
Crude palm oil is being offered at around $1,395 a tonne, including cost, insurance and freight (CIF), in India for December shipments, compared with $1,415 for crude soybean oil and $1,445 for crude sunflower oil, traders said.
The narrowing gap has turned buyers to soy oil, which is often perceived to be superior in taste and quality to palm.
India's palm oil imports in November fell to 585,000 tonnes from 693,000 tonnes in October, said Sandeep Bajoria, chief executive of Sunvin Group, a vegetable oil broker.
Soyoil imports in November jumped to around 400,000 tonnes from 217,000 tonnes a month ago, while sunflower oil imports rose to 200,000 tonnes from 117,000 tonnes, Bajoria said.
India buys palm oil from Indonesia and Malaysia, with soyoil mainly imported from Argentina and Brazil. It purchases sunflower oil from Russia and Ukraine.
In December, palm oil imports would remain below 600,000 tonnes and soyoil imports could rise above 400,000 tonnes, Patel said.
The spread between palm oil and soft oils is narrow for December and January shipments, but is widening from February onwards, said a Mumbai-based dealer with a global trading firm.
"From February onwards, palm could start regaining market share. But imports would remain lower during the winter season," the dealer said.
In winter, household palm oil consumption falls in India as the tropical oil solidifies at lower temperatures.
(Reporting by Rajendra Jadhav; Editing by Devika Syamnath)